KRISP is based at the Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. We are also associated to the Centre for the Aids Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA) and the Africa Health Research Institute (AHRI). Bioinformatics servers are kindly mantained by the South African Medical Research Council (MRC). Please use KRISP website to get information on our research. The Bioafrica.net will be maintained for historical reasons for the next couple of years.
Mercury Reporter, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 19 Jan 2018: Scientists led an in ternational research team which discovered new genetic markers that identify why the onset of Aids appears to occur so quickly in some people after they are infected with HIV The study published in the journal Science (Ramsuran et al. Science 2018), sheds new light on how specific human genes can lead to a faster deterioration for people living with HIV who are not on treatment.
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) gene complex varies enormously among individuals and helps explain individual variation in immunity to infectious diseases. Ramsuran et al. (Science 2018) examined data from almost 10,000 HIV infections.
Many parameters are examined to try to understand HIV transmission in endemic areas. Tanser et al. (Science TM 2017) use longitudinal population-based data from rural South Africa to show that population viral load indices incorporating geographical location and local HIV prevalence can be used to infer HIV transmission potential.
The Mercury, 14 December 2017, KwaZulu-Natal-based medical research organisations have developed an improved method to accurately predict where the highest rate of new HIV infections will likely occur in a community. Press coverage of our KRISP paper by Tanser et al. (Science TM 2017)
Elevated HLA-A expression impairs HIV control through inhibition of NKG2A-expressing cells. Ramsuran V, Vivek Naranbhai, Amir Horowitz, Ying Qi, Maureen P. Martin, Yuko Yuki, Xiaojiang Gao, Victoria Walker-Sperling, Gregory Q. Del Prete, Douglas K. Schneider, Jeffrey D. Lifson, Jacques Fellay, Steven G. Deeks, Jeffrey N. Martin, James J. Goedert, Steven M. Wolinsky, Nelson L. Michael, Gregory D. Kirk, Susan Buchbinder, David Haas, Thumbi Ndung'u, Philip Goulder, Peter Parham, Bruce D. Walker, Jonathan M. Carlson and Mary Carrington, Science (2018), 359:86-90.